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Type: Conference Paper
Title: Screening for GBV in formal and informal settings: Where are we and where are we going?
Authors: Glass, Nancy
Decker, Michele R
Miller, Elizabeth
Keywords: Prevention;Gender-based violence;Victims / survivors;Intimate partner violence
Year: 9999
Abstract:  Within the last 20 years, gender-based violence (GBV) has gained increased attention globally. GBV is defined as types of violence that primarily women/girls experience, including physical violence (e.g., hitting, punching, kicked, slapped, choked, hurt with a weapon, or otherwise physically hurt), sexual violence (e.g. unprotected forced sex, coercive behaviors, including sexual slavery and coerced abortion), and psychological harm (e.g. controlling behaviors, stalking, threats of violence). These acts of violence are perpetrated by members of women/girl’s family, acquaintances, and/or strangers in the home, community and/or during armed conflict. Globally, an estimated 35% of women experience physical and/or sexual violence in their lifetime, including partner and non-partner violence.(Bott, Guedes, Goodwin, & Mendoza, 2012; WHO, 2013) Refugees fleeing conflicts and natural disasters are vulnerable to sexual violence; a recent systematic review and meta-analysis generated a pooled estimate of 21.4% (95%CI: 14.9 – 29.7%) sexual violence prevalence based on 19 studies meeting
eligibility criteria and totaling 8,398 participants.(Vu et al., 2013) Global efforts often focus on GBV in recognition of the range of likely perpetrators; within the US, intimate partners are the dominant perpetrators of GBV,(Black, 2011) hence the domestic focus on IPV. Nationally an estimated one in three women experience IPV, i.e., physical or sexual violence by a current or former spouse or boyfriend, with youth and young adult women at highest risk. (Black, 2011) Gender differences persist in the nature and impact of IPV. Nationally, physical IPV prevalence is comparable for women (33%) and men (28%);(Black, 2011) however, women experience significantly more sexual IPV (9% vs. too small to report among men),(Black, 2011) more IPV with resulting fear, injury, or other health or social issues (29% vs. 10%),(Black, 2011) and IPV homicide.(Cooper & Smith, 2011; Stockl et al., 2013) There is substantial evidence indicating under-reporting of GBV both globally(Tia Palermo, Bleck, & Peterman, 2013) as well as in diverse humanitarian settings where women and girls can be particularly vulnerable. (T. Palermo
& Peterman, 2011; Wirtz et al., 2013) To date, prevention and response efforts continue to be insufficient to make a significant difference in the lives of survivors and their families.
Notes:  Paper focuses on gender-based violence as a major issue with an estimated 35% of women globally experiencing physical and/or sexual violence in their lifetime. It states that to date prevention and response efforts are insufficient to make a difference in the lives of survivors and their families. Screening for GBV is important given the reliance on women/girls coming forward to seek help, and the barriers to disclosure that exist.
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